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Evolution of Factory Floors: From Assembly Lines to Automation

From Assembly Lines to Automation – The Evolution of Factory Floors

The factory floor has come a long way since the days of Henry Ford’s assembly line. With advancements in technology and automation, industrial facilities have transformed into highly efficient and productive spaces. In this article, we will explore the evolution of factory floors and how industrial flooring has played a crucial role in this transformation.

The Early Days of Assembly Lines

by Nick Pryde (https://unsplash.com/@nicholaspryde)

In the early 1900’s, factories were primarily focused on mass production through assembly lines. Workers would stand in one spot and perform a specific task as the product moved along the line. This required a large open space with a smooth and durable surface for the movement of heavy machinery and materials. Concrete was the most commonly used material for factory floors during this time.

The Rise of Industrial Flooring

As factories became more specialized and advanced, the need for specialized flooring also increased. Industrial flooring was developed to meet the specific needs of factory floors, such as resistance to heavy machinery, chemicals, and high temperatures. Epoxy and polyurethane coatings became popular choices for industrial flooring due to their durability and resistance to wear and tear.

Automation and the Need for Precision

Evolution of Factory Floors

by Louis Reed (https://unsplash.com/@_louisreed)

With the rise of automation in the 1970’s, factory floors underwent a major transformation. Machines and robots took over many of the tasks previously performed by human workers, leading to increased precision and efficiency. This required factory floors to have a high level of flatness and smoothness to ensure the proper functioning of the automated equipment. Laser screeding and power troweling techniques were introduced to achieve these requirements

The Importance of Safety

As technology continued to advance, safety became a top priority in industrial facilities. Slip and fall accidents were a common occurrence on factory floors, leading to injuries and downtime. To combat this, anti-slip coatings and textured flooring were introduced to provide better traction and reduce the risk of accidents. These safety measures have greatly improved the working conditions for employees and increased productivity.

The Future of Factory Floors

Today, factory floors continue to evolve with the introduction of smart technology and the Internet of Things (IoT). Sensors and data collection systems are being integrated into industrial flooring to monitor and optimize processes, leading to even greater efficiency and productivity. Additionally, sustainable and eco-friendly flooring options are becoming more popular as companies strive to reduce their environmental impact.


From the early days of assembly lines to the current era of automation and smart technology, factory floors have undergone a significant transformation. Industrial flooring has played a crucial role in this evolution, providing the necessary durability, precision, and safety for these highly specialized spaces. As technology continues to advance, we can expect to see even more advancements in industrial flooring, making factory floors more efficient and productive than ever before.

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